Thoughts for Pastors on Veterans Day

This Sunday will be only the eighth time, in the 54 years that it has been celebrated, that Veterans Day will fall on a Sunday. Over the last several months, candidates have demanded a lot of our attention nationally and locally. With changes to campaign finance laws, this campaign has seemed longer, more vitriolic, and distracting than others I’ve witnessed in the 12 years I have been voting. What will be on our minds this Sunday might not be our veterans, and that reflects a troubling and dire situation that requires your attention.

Veterans are everywhere; we stand behind you in the grocery store line, sit next to you in class, and even worship beside you in church every week. What we have in common with one another is not always the easiest bond [kb1] to understand. Some say the martial fraternity is made up of courage, tenacity, and strength. To be sure, what I saw in my own combat deployment in 2004 reflected heights of human charity I’ve failed to witness before or since; soldiers standing in the line of fire for one another, risking their lives for civilians and comrades alike.

But there is another trait we veterans hold tragically in common. In 2009, CBS conducted a study that found over 17 people killed themselves every day (they also explain the numbers), a rate higher than any other recorded in our nation’s history. The one thing these people had in common? Former military service. More recently, it was found that current members of the United States military were taking their own lives at a rate of one every day, itself another tragic statistical record of epic proportions. Suicide is currently the leading cause of death among our troops, those men and women we ask God to bless.

It is a partial truth to say that the martial fraternity is held together by common virtues. As evidenced by those startling statistics, the other half of that truth is that we hold in common feelings of mental and spiritual despair that can lead to suicidal ideation and self-harm. Just this past Election Day, when we exercise the gift of democratic process that military members of the past helped ensure, 17 veterans and one service member took their own lives. The same happened the day after, and the day after that. It will happen this Sunday, the very day on which we are called to express our gratitude for their service, a service less than 1% of the American population is willing to shoulder.

As Christians, we have a dual call; not just to recognize people for their good deeds but to help reconcile people to their loving Creator. Pastors, priests, and other religious leaders who have been called to ministry have veterans in their midst, must minister to the unique needs of our nations veterans. Here are some ideas, from a veteran who has seen both successes and failures. Not all of them might translate directly to your own congregation, but I hope they germinate and sprout more ideas

  1. Do not “out” veterans in your congregation. To honor the veterans in your congregation, think twice before asking veterans to stand during the service. To be sure, military service is to be celebrated. But much of it also needs to be mourned; doing the things that must be done in war takes a heavy emotional and spiritual toll. By asking veterans to identify themselves, you risk exposing wounds that need tending, not just heroes that deserve to be celebrated. Listen carefully to your congregation and discern care individually; what works for one veteran (like being recognized for their service) can be harmful for another (who might have had to commit necessary evil and whose conscience has not yet been reconciled). And find ways to both celebrate and mourn the realities of military duty in corporate worship.
  2. Say something. After over a decade at war, veterans are being met with deafening and ambiguous silence. Months go by in the news without mention of the fact that men and women are still dying in Afghanistan. For those who are recently returned, the silence makes clear that for America, war is not a subject to be talked about, not to be shared with the community that ultimately sent you in their name and with their blessing. I’ve heard the silence described in military terms my compatriots hear on duty; “Shut up and drive on.” But Church is not supposed to be silent, solitary, and stoic. Silence is not an option, it is a betrayal that forces us to shoulder the burden of moral discernment alone, perpetuating the very isolation Christ breaks by being the Word. Do not demand identification by asking that they stand, evoke participation by making clear the relevancy of military service to the life of faith. Consider preaching off the lectionary (if you have one),Appendix B of my book Reborn on the Fourth of July lists the appearances of military personnel in the New Testament. Soldiers are whispering to you from the pages of the Gospels and, at the same time, looking up to you from the pews. Listen to the former and you will certainly have the attention of the latter.
  3. Let veterans self-define. During Vietnam, many veterans were met with condemnation and scorn, and early on in the Global War on Terror, we were met with platitudinous gratitude. People should not be either villainized or venerated simply for being veterans; we must not focus exclusively on either their failures or successes, since every veteran has a bit of both. Monster or hero, veterans are still human beings capable of doing ill or good. Within a worship service, or one-on-one in pastoral relationships, be sure not to assume anything about a veterans service, good or bad. It is almost certain that he or she (and warriors across time) did things they are proud of, things for which they feel shame, and many things they simply cannot easily label. Neither should you, at least not without their guidance. Instead, see the moral upheaval as a gift to the church, a reminder that nobody is merely as evil or charitable as his or her best or worst actions suggest. We all fall short of the glory of God and yet are redeemed by the work of his son, Jesus Christ. Do not feed our ego or our bad consciences; feed our souls.

Notice a similarity between those we would call monsters and those we would call hero; the men tried at Nuremburg said they were “just following orders,” while numerous Congressional Medal of Honor winners have said they were “just doing [their] jobs.” It is a thin line between sinner and saint, between the violence we condone and the violence we condemn. The silence of the church forces that distinction upon the shoulders of an increasingly young fighting force. The average age of WWII soldiers was 29 years and 12% of Americans served, for Vietnam it was 23 years old and about 9% of the total population. For the Global War on Terror, the average age of a first-time deployment is only 19, and less than 1% have served.

Ours is a generation insulated from war. Those who have served, like me, are facing returns home to communities increasingly ill-equipped for the unique traumas GWOT veterans faced. As Christians, we too often fall into partisan camps equally isolated from the lived experience of combat. We have lost touch not only with our own veterans, but with traditions that might otherwise heal them. For example, did you know that Veterans Day is also the feast day for a 4th century Bishop by the name of Martin? After an assignment to a unit that protected Caesar, he told Julian at the Battle of Worms that as a Christian he could not fight (though he protected the emperor for 25 years prior, without having been sent to the battlefield). The founding father of both the Jesuits and the Franciscans were soldiers, Francis turning his back to the 4thCrusade in 1204 and Ignatius laying his sword and armor at the foot of a statue of Mary in 1522.

If tradition isn’t exactly your denomination’s cup of tea, the New Testament has a number of passages to reflect upon: the soldiers at Jesus’ baptism in Luke 3:14 (which might not say what you think), the soldiers overseeing Jesus’ passion who mocked him only to repent and confess him Son of God (days before any apostle mustered the same courage), Cornelius the “devout and God-fearing” centurion from Acts 10, or the sea-borne Julius ( and Paul’s nearly Eucharistic meal) of Acts 24. Since my conversion in 2006, I have not once heard a sermon preached on a Sunday that dealt directly with any of these figures. If I had, I imagine it would have saved me (and any devout and God-fearing veteran) months or years of searching for where our particular story, our experiences in the military, had relevant and meaningful things to say to and hear from this life of faith we call Christianity.

Tragically, I’ve rarely (if ever) heard of a pastor taking the initiative to display that the martial story has an integral place in the Bible and in our shared Christian identity. When it has been attempted, most of what I’ve heard has been little more than partisanship, not much but to tell soldiers and veterans that our military service has either guaranteed our place in hell or in heaven. Military service does neither, but it does teach us one thing; the greatest love that people can have for one another, to lay down our lives for our friends. When I wore the uniform, I knew the men and women beside me would lay their lives down for me, and I for them. On Sundays, I’m not so sure.

Don’t make the mistake of relegating Veterans Day to just some other federal holiday. It is not just the nation’s chance to recognize those who have volunteered to risk their lives for their countrymen. It is also a chance for the church to learn from her own soldiers, like Martin, Francis, of Ignatius. The church has a different set of founding fathers and mothers that form and inform us. Martin, whose November 11th feast day predates Veterans Day by 15 centuries, left a career in the army to wander the countryside healing the sick, eventually being cajoled into becoming Bishop of Tours. Francis of Assisi was a Prisoner of War who turned his back on war to adopt extreme poverty in obedience to God’s command to rebuild the Church. Ignatius devoted himself to education (without the benefit of a GI Bill) and went on to found the Jesuits, God’s own Marines known for devoted service.

Warriors across Christian history have loved the church, would die for the church. There is not a single veteran I’ve spoken to in six years for whom the holy fire of loyal service has been extinguished. Do not overlook their presence in your own congregations and the amazing gifts they have to offer. All we wait for is an invitation. Veterans Day, Martin’s feast, is your chance to explore, evoke, and graciously receive the beautiful and tragic gifts God gives through us.

2 thoughts on “Thoughts for Pastors on Veterans Day

  1. A very thoughtful piece that need much consideration by pastors. I especially appreciated point 1 (though not the term ‘out’).

    Another point that bears remembrance. Originally, 11 November was Armistice Day, the celebration of the end of The Great War:

    On 11 November, the warring parties signed the armistice,
    bringing that great bloodbath to an end.
    Only those who suffered through those cataclysmic
    events truly understood the meaning of that day….

    The deep meaning of that armistice remained in the
    minds of World War I veterans a half century later
    when the U.S. Congress, in one of its clueless moves,
    changed the observance of the federal holiday from
    November 11th to a certain Monday of October. Memorial
    Day, Veterans Day and Washington’s Birthday
    were all moved on the calendar in order to create
    three-day federal holiday weekends.

    Because of the war that had followed that “War to
    End All Wars,” President Eisenhower had signed a
    law that broadened the meaning of “Armistice Day”
    by making it “Veterans Day” in 1954. But in the
    minds of the World War I generation, the memory of
    that armistice still held sway.
    So, in the late 1960s when Congress changed the
    date, I can still remember my grandmother adamantly
    asserting that Armistice Day was November 11th,
    NOT the fourth Monday of October. The thousands
    of soldiers who, like my grandfather, had served in
    France and other lands would not hear of such a
    change….The World War
    I generation was still alive and well; remembering
    and speaking up. They again took back lost ground.
    The end result was that one decade after changing
    the date, Congress, in 1978, restored the observance
    to November 11th.–From Oh Holy Night: The Peace of 1914

    • I appreciate your comment Mike. But I’d also add that before it was Armistice Day, November 11th was the feast day to remember Saint Martin of Tours, patron of soldiers and chaplains, who was also a conscientious objector. An amazing saint, and worthy of our remembrance, especially on this day, that Eisenhower insisted should be about pursuing “a lasting peace.” Memory of the saints (and veterans, I think), should serve as a constant reminder to pursue peace and lay aside our differences and resolve conflict more diplomatically. Happy Veterans Day Mike!

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